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Sanjay Singh Gurjar

States of India
India is divided into 28 states, each with its own culture, language and a host of fundu places to explore. Join Fundu on a trip around the land.

Chattisgarh became the 26th state of India on 1 November 2000.
became the 27th state of India on 9 November 2000.
became the 28th state of India on 15 November 2000.
                                    IsMADHYA PRADESHBIHARCHHATTISGARHJharkhand
Andaman & Nicobar Islands
West Bengal


3,42,239 sq km



Main Languages:
Hindi and Rajasthani


Rajasthan, the land of the Rajput warriors is one of India's most colourful states. Being a part of the 'Golden Triangle' (Delhi-Agra-Jaipur), it is also one of the most popular tourist destinations in India.

Famous for its majestic forts, colourful attire, countless fairs, festivals and fascinating dance forms, Rajasthan is an unforgettable experience for any visitor.

The capital of Rajasthan, Jaipur is known as the 'pink city' because of the ochre-pink colour of its old buildings and city walls. The Rajputs considered pink to be a colour associated with hospitality, and painted the whole city pink in preparation for the visit of Britain's Prince Alfred in 1853.
The five-storyed Hawa Mahal, or Palace of the Winds is one of the most recognized monuments of Jaipur. The palace was built in 1799 to enable ladies of the royal household to watch street life and processions.

The Jantar Mantar, an astronomical observatory with huge yantras or instruments is equally famous.

Pushkar, in Rajasthan is famous for the world's biggest cattle fair, held in October or November every year. The town also has the only Brahma temple in India.

Thar, India's only desert region is in Rajasthan. The pictures of a turbaned Rajasthani man walking his camel in the desert are often used to represent Rajasthan.

Jodhpur, the second-largest city in Rajasthan is the place where those baggy-tight horse-riding trousers took their name.

Jaisalmer, another desert city is known for its forts and houses made of golden sandstone.

Did you know?
In the old days, the Rajputs were divided into more than a 1000 warrior clans, each with its own tradition. The clans used to be constantly at war with each other. Even today the differences are reflected in dress and customs. An old local saying sums it up - "The dialect, cuisine, water and turbans in Rajasthan change every 12 miles."
Lake Palace, Udaipur

Udaipur, the city of lakes is one of the most romantic cities in Rajasthan. It is known as the `Venice of the East'. The city is a bend of whitewashed buildings, marble palaces, lakeside gardens, temples and havelis. The Lake Pichola with two palaces right in the middle is the best attraction of the city.

Mt Abu, Rajasthan's only hill is famous for the Jain marble temples at Dilwara.

Rajasthan has one of the most colourful dress code. The men wear bright turbans and almost always sport a moustache.

The women wear flowing bright mirrored skirts with chunky silver jewellery.
Rajasthani folk dances are famous all over the country. Gair is a popular men-only dance while Ghoomar is a dance of women.

Kachhi Ghodi, a dance where men ride decorated dummy horses, is a favorite of kids.

Then, there is the Fire dance of Bikaner where men dance on a platform of burning coal.
Fundu Fact
Heard of the Siberian Crane? Every winter, this extremely rare bird flies down 6,400 kilometres all the way from Siberia to the marshlands of the Keoladeo Ghana Sanctuary in Bharatpur, Rajasthan to escape the harsh Siberian winter.

Where was India's first motion picture screening held?
India's first motion picture was screened at the Watson hotel in Mumbai. The Lumire brothers, Lousie and Auguste first showed films in India, on a commercial basis on July 7, 1896. Four 40-minute shows were held every day and the entry price for each was Re1 per person.
How many words are there in the longest Indian film title?

The longest film title has 20 words. This belongs to the Telugu film 'Shree Shree Rajadhiraja Shree Shree Madana Kamaraja Shree Shree Vilasa Raja Shree Shree Madhubana Raja Shree Shree Krishnadeva donga Raja'. The film was released in Chennai in Dec.1994.
Which Indian actor has won an international Best Actress Award?

Nirmal Pandey, a popular hindi stage and film actor won the Best Actress award at the Valenciennes Film Festival, France 1997 for his portrayal of a transvestite (a man who dresses as a woman and vice versa) in Amol Palekar's 'Daayraa' (Limitation). Nirmal shared the Best Actress award with the female lead of the film Sonali Kulkarni.
Which is India's all time biggest Best Selling Pop Track?

No, its not Micheal Jackson. India's Altaf Raja's 'Tum to thehre pardesi, saath kya nibhaoge' (you are but a foreigner, how will you stay with me). The album sold over 40 lakh cassettes, the largest seller in the non-film category.
Where in India is Asia's biggest sabzi market located?

It's in the capital city. The New Subzi Mandi, the wholesale market at Azadpur, Delhi, is Asia's largest fruit and vegetable market. Nearly 3,000 trucks bring in fruits and vegetables here daily for over 30,000 retail vendors.
Why are there so many cows on India's roads?
Because India has more cows than anywhere else in the world. Out of a world population of 132 crore, India has 20.5 crore or 15.5 percent! The hindus, the followers of India's biggest religion believe that cows are sacred animals and should not be killed for meat. The sad part though is that not many facilities are provided for these holy ones - and they are often left to wander on the roads - where they create a nuisance for themselves and others.
Is there a rat temple in India?
Yes, in Rajathan. The 575-year-old temple of Karni Devi (one of the nine incarnations of Durga) has a large number of holy rats called 'Kabas', believed to be the offsprings of the presiding deity. Located at Deshnok, 35 km from Bikaner, Rajasthan, this temple is devoted exclusively to the rats which roam around freely in the place.
Who was the first Indian to be admitted to the Indian Civil Service?

Satyendranath Tagore, the elder brother of Nobel Prize winner Rabindranath Tagore, was the first Indian to be admitted in the Indian Civil Service. He had to pass a tough exam, which was held only in London, to discourage Indians from applying.
Who was the first person to use zero as a number?

Brahmagupta (598-660) an Indian mathematician first used zero as a number and showed its mathematical use. Bhaskaracharya (1114 A.D.) was the first to understand the mathematical implications of zero by stating that anything divided by zero is equal to infinity.
When were India's first television signals transmitted?

The first experimental telecast was attempted on Sept.15, 1959, at Delhi. The transmission was done with the help of a small transmitter in a makeshift studio.
What is the name of India's oldest functioning English daily?

The Times of India. This was first published in Mumbai on Nov.3, 1838 as a bi-weekly and was called Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce. It was renamed The Times of India in 1850 with J.E.Brennan as its first editor.
Who is the only Indian to have been given an honorary US citizenship?

On November 16, 1996 Mother Teresa (Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhin) became the first Indian to be given an honorary US citizenship. She was the fourth person in the world to have been given this honor.
Who is India's most wanted criminal?

India's most wanted is a sandalwood smuggler from Karnataka called Veerapan He carries a reward of Rs 40 lakh on his head and is wanted for smuggling, poaching and murder in Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. Veerappan, who shot his first elephant when he was only 12 years old, has poached elephants for ivory, smuggled sandalwood worth Rs.75 crore and has 120 cases of murder registered against him. Veerapan lives hidden somewhere in the jungles of Karnataka. The government has been trying to capture him since the last 15 years but has failed!
Who is India's most infamous conman?

That's Natwrlal or Mithilesh Kumar Srivastava, a man so clever at fooling people that he once walked out of Kanpur jail dressed in a smuggled Sub-Inspector's uniform! Having got the cell guard to open the door by handing out an attaché case full of cash, he coolly walked out, got into a waiting car and sped way. When the car broke down a little later, he coolly flagged down another vehicle and vanished!

Natwarlal was wanted in over 100 cases in eight States. He has been sentenced to a whopping 113 years in jail by various courts and has made eight daring escapes, each time from a different jail.
Where is India's highest motorable road located?

India's highest road is at Khardung-la in the Leh-Manali in Himachal Pradesh. The road was constructed by the Boarder Roads Organisation at a height of 5,682 meters (18,383 ft).
Who is India's largest employer?

Indian Railways. The railways employ over 15.79 lakh people, the largest by a single organization in India or anywhere else in the world.
How many people can eat from the food cooked (at one time) in India's largest solar cooker?

Over 10,000! Shirin and Deepak Gadhia devised a giant solar cooker for the Brahmakumaris World Academy in Mount Abu, Rajasthan in Jan.1998, The cooker has 84 solar dishes and a surface of 840 sq. m. This is also the largest solar cooker in the world.
When did Internet come to India?

In 1995 when the National Informatics Centre (NIC), Delhi, first provided users access to the World Wide Web service through the C-Web. The C-Web allows users to browse, search and publish documents on the Net.

Which Indian can calculate faster than a computer?
That's Shakuntala Devi of Bangalore. In 1977, she took only 50 seconds to compute the 23rd root of a 201-digit number while it took a computer well over a minute. On June 18, 1980, she multiplied 7,686,369,774,870 by 2,465,099,745,779 and arrived at the correct answer: 18,947,668,177,995,426,462,773,730 in 28 seconds.
Which Indian is the world's youngest graduate?
Tathagat Avatar Tulsi of Bihar became the world's youngest graduate by passing the Bachelor of Science examination (with honours in physics) from Science College, Patna at the age of 11 years and two months. Tathagat broke the record of Jay Luo of Garden City, USA, who had graduated at the age of 12 years, 1 month and 12 days. Tulsi had earlier cleared the Central Board of Secondary Examination at the age of nine years and six months.
Which Indian language is the world's oldest living language?

Tamil is the oldest of all Indian languages and also the oldest living language in the world. It represents certain literacy types not found in Sanskrit or other Aryan languages and traces its history to Tolkappiyam, the earliest extant manuscript of Tamil grammar, dated 500 B.C.
Which Indian word is the longest Palindrome (reading the same forward and backward) in the Roman script?

The longest palindrome in Roman script is the nine-letter word MALAYALAM, the language of Kerala.
What was India's first homegrown comic book or series?

The Amar Chitra Katha series of mythology and other themes in comic book form, was published by India Book House (IBH) in 1969 and sold over half-a-million copies. The series was the brainchild of Mr. Anant Pai. The first Amar Chitra Katha title was Krishna. Since then over 436 titles have been published in all Indian and some foreign languages.

'sandy is best!!'